Material Manufacturing Methods Used For Composite Oilfield Parts
Wet WrappingThis is the manufacturing process of making composite material by hand-wrapping fiberglass cloth around a mandrel or shaped mandrel, while applying resin. While being more labor-intensive, it is ideal for parts with low mechanical loads or parts that have thicker cross-sections.
Filament WindingIn this process, reinforcing roving (fibers) are wound around a mandrel or shaped mandrel by computer controlled 4 axis CNC filament winders. The winder is able to closely control the wind pattern tension and angle, laying down multiple tows at angles established by engineering to meet mechanical strength requirements. This process is a very consistent and cost-effective way to manufacture composite materials.
Pressure Impregnation/Resin Transfer Molding
This is a high-tech process in which fiberglass cloth is dry wrapped onto a mandrel or shaped mandrel. A vacuum is pulled on the material to remove moisture and air while resin floods the chamber at high pressure. This process yields a greater cloth-to-resin ratio, by weight, making it stronger, so it is ideal for parts that require higher mechanical loads.